Friday, 9 March 2012

The Right Stuff.

A very rare A J Rickett  PBP Special from Houston, Renfrewshire

This is not about the right stuff to go to work on, or to go for the shopping on. Or to go racing on, or to go downhilling on, or to go posing on. Or to go round the world on, or even to go for a fortnight's holiday on.

This is about the Right Stuff for me to do a long Audax ride on !

Peter Marshall on Recumbent  Photo by Maindru.

Yes, I know that Drew Buck did Paris-Brest-Paris on a Dursley Pedersen, and in 2003 a young Finnish lad, Alpo Kuusisto, did it on a scooter, of all things ! People have done PBP on recumbents, trikes, tandem trikes, recumbent tandem trikes, just about anything you can imagine on two or three wheels propelled solely by the rider/riders.

Pat Kenny and Pete Gifford on Tandem Trike.

But this is the equipment that, after many years of painstaking trial and error, I use for long distance Audax rides.

The two main criteria are  Comfort and Reliability.
Actually that should read " The Main criterium is Comfort and Reliability " Because one without the other is just not on, it must be both.
Then we should start taking weight into account. Never forget though that you can spend thousands on the lightest components but if you neglect your diet you're wasting time and money. When you weigh your bike make sure that its fully equipped with lights, mudguards, tools etc. Then weigh yourself and add the weight of the bike. Now you have a Total Riding Weight, and this is the weight that you should be minimising.
Don't buy Mars Bars and Coke for a fortnight.  How much money will you save ? And how much weight will come off the Total Riding Weight ?
Or you can buy a custom carbon fibre frame and a set of carbon wheels and reduce the Total Riding Weight by perhaps 900gm, but at what a cost financially ?
And much more importantly by losing the weight from your body you'll be improving your Power to Weight Ratio.
How do you think guys like Drew Buck did PBP on a heavy antique steel bike ? Because they weren't carrying much excess weight on their bodies and they were bloody FIT !
So get fit !

Another drawback about trying to reduce the Total Riding Weight by using ultra lightweight componentry like carbon frames, is that in the event of a heavy, or even just an unlucky fall the bike might be rendered irrepairable at the side of the road. Think long and hard about lightweight components and their effects on reliability. Sure, Tour de France riders use state of the art stuff, but even they have to observe the UCI minimun weight for a bike. I know the UCI comes in for a lot of deserved criticism, but I must agree, in principle, with them on setting realistic minimum weights for cycles. And again Tour riders have the luxury of a back up car loaded with replacement bikes. An Audax rider won't have that ! Although I did hear of one rider, whose bike was wiped out in an accident, who was fortunately near a branch of Halfords in the UK . Using his credit card he bought a cheap and cheerful Halfords Special  and successfully continued his ride.

Columbus Framed A J Rickett.

So, starting with the frame, my preference is steel, Reynolds, Columbus, Vitus and Dedacciai all make some of the finest lightweight steel tubing there is on the market. A properly made frame using any of these makers tubesets will give a light  but strong and comfortable bicycle. And my preference is also for steel forks. I've tried many aluminium framesets and although there are weight savings to be made by the time the makers have engineered comfort into the frame the weight saving is negligible ! Some expensive aluminium frames I've ridden have been so harsh I was lucky to be able to complete a 100km Audax.
 Comfort on a bicycle depends on many seemingly unrelated things, but the frame is the starting point. Get a good steel frame and you've got the start of a good Audax bike.

Semi Deep Section Campag Rim
Next, no, not the saddle, we'll come to that later. Wheels ! Wheels can be so rigid that they'll loosen the fillings in your teeth ! At the other extreme you can get wheels that ride as if they were made of marshmallow. It's all to do with the choice of rims and spokes and the way they're put together. Good quality hubs go without saying, my preference being mid range Campagnolo or slightly higher range Shimano. I certainly don't mean Super Record or Dura Ace, they're for sponsored riders ....or rich ones ! My preference for rims is either Mavic or Campagnolo with my current favourites being Campag Mexico rims, although you'll find these hard to come by nowadays. Always aim for a balance between strength ,reliability and weight. I've come to the conclusion that using double butted Sapim spokes laced  three-crossed into wheels gives me the ideal balance of responsiveness and comfort. Personally I've never noticed any difference in the general feel of a bike with either 32 spoked front wheel with 40 spoked rear wheel and 36 spoked front and rear. I do notice a degree of harshness with a radially spoked front wheel however so I avoid that.

A nice Bob Jackson Legend with Proper Zefal Pump.
Now, tyres. First, size matters !  23mm x700c tyres are quite unforgiving after 200km, so for distances up to 400km I use 25mm x700c tyres. For distances over 400km I would be using 28mm x700c and possibly 32mm  x700c but getting this size in the right quality isn't easy. For many years now I've been using kevlar beaded Continental GP's in either 25mm or 28mm, both weigh just over 250gm. If you're going to lose weight on a bike, lose it at the rims and tyres first. It really does make a noticeable difference. And get into the habit of carrying a folding spare tyre along with at least two tubes and a new puncture outfit. Observe closely the manufacturers pressure settings, a squeeze with the finger and thumb just doesn't do. Running the pressure too low wastes energy and leaves you more liable to visits from the Puncture Fairy ! Why ? If you hit a pot hole there won't be enough pressure to stop the rim biting into the inner tube giving you the characteristic snake bite double puncture.
Don't, whatever you do, depend on a mini inflater, no matter what part of California it was made in or what parts of a recycled Stealth aircraft were used. A proper, aluminium, full size, frame fitting pump with a fast lock-on valve connector is required, nothing less ! Not unless you want to be one of those riders waiting at the side of the road for someone with a real pump to stop and give you a loan of it ! Believe me, I speak from bitter experience !

A Ubiquitous Rolls Sadddle.
OK, now we'll talk about saddles. The advice I would give is to check what a Tour de France rider of a similar weight to you is using. These guys spend much more time in the saddle than just about any of us. So it stands to reason that if it works for them, it'll work for you, provided you've done the necessary training. By that I'm not suggesting that you put in the same saddle time as a pro rider, but you'll have to gradually build up saddle time. It's actually more about getting your sitting area conditioned to the saddle rather than the saddle being broken in, that really is a myth ! When your saddle seems comfortable after several hours it's because you've accustomed  the muscles around your sit bones to cope with it, nothing to do with the saddle itself !
When exhaustion kicks in, your seating area muscles frequently collapse and that's when you feel as if you're riding a razor blade. If you look closely at some pro's saddles you'll realise that they are actually Selle San Marco Rolls saddles re-badged.  I prefer a Rolls saddle because they aren't prone to being damaged by rain like Brooks. I had three Brooks saddles distort badly due to rain despite careful application of Proofide and covering them when left in the open. But then, maybe that was just Scotland ?

Cinelli 'bars and stem.
Handlebars,Cinelli are my favourite, they do suitably wide dropped handlebars with a nice straight centre section. The centre section is important because you'll need it to mount a bike computer and at least one lamp. And possibly a heart rate monitor during training. Although I personally don't use one, I know quite a lot of riders are now using sat nav devices, and they need some space on the handlebars? This really rules out most of the newer one-piece aerodynamic handlebar assemblies. Professional  riders don't use lights nowadays and they certainly don't use map holders, or bar bags or sat nav devices. When they do the market place will change, but don't hold your breath ! I've found using a double layer of Cinelli cork handlebar tape to be very effective against the dreaded numb fingers that can set in after a long time on the bike. Some riders swear by a product called Mar Sas I believe, but whatever you use don't forget gloves. One simple fall could give you such bad gravel rash on the palms of your hands that you won't be finishing the ride, so wear gloves !

Look Cleats.
Now we come to the last of the three points of contact with the bicycle, Pedals. I would urge you to get used to a clipless system like Look, particularly Look, as they have a pretty large area of contact between the sole of the shoe and the pedal. A criticism I've often heard about Shimano SPD system is that after a while it feels like pedalling with a chestnut in your shoe. The best advice I can give is to start with a particular type of pedal and stick to it. Sure, Jock Wadley did PBP wearing a pair of Hush Puppies and used clips and straps, but Jock Wadley was a true veteran and could probably have done it in his bare feet ! The reason I recommend using Look pedals is because you can get really well engineered shoes that take Look cleats. Specialised make a good range of shoes which incorporate a lot of serious development in foot to pedal contact. Admittedly you won't be able to walk in them, so try and hunt down a pair of cleat protectors that'll slip into one of your back pockets. The next time you slip and end up on your derriere you'll remind yourself never to forget them again ! Use the money you've saved by not buying a £200 carbon seatpost  and a pair of Mavic Kryserium wheels to get the best in footwear. If you've ever experienced the peculiar agony known as "hot foot " you'll agree with me. Clips and straps were fine in their day but I've felt straps cutting off circulation to my toes and leaving me hobbling for a week after an event, that surely can't be doing your body good. Also look at the hi-tech overshoes available nowadays, you won't be able to use them with clips and straps.

The last thing I'm going to cover today is Mudguards or Fenders for TransAtlantic riders. A huge long running debate went on in Audax UK about mudguards. Then mudguards were compulsory, no beating about the bush, plain and simple, compulsory ! Now they're not. I won't go into the whole debate as it became quite acrimonious as only a squabble in a British cycling club can. No wonder the world thinks the British are eccentric !
Anyway, we digress, I use mudguards because I'm a penny-pinching, idle sod ! There , you have it now !
No, not Scotland this time, Belgium !
Clocking up hours of riding on wet, wintry Scottish roads will get a bike absolutely filthy. And the rider too, especially without mudguards. What you must do at the end of every training ride is wash your bike. Only death is accepted as an excuse for not doing so. Leave your bike unwashed for a couple of days or more and the next time you want to ride, it will be unusable. The chain will be rusted solid, the brakes will be seized, the rims will be corroded and the chrome will be pitted. This is the beauty of having a proper set of mudguards fitted. Sure the bike will be dirty, but certainly not filthy. And the chainset, bottom bracket, headset bearings, seat post clamp and yourself will have been afforded a degree of protection. This will half the time it takes to was your bike and extend the life of your components, saving you money. Campagnolo Racing Triple chainsets don't come cheap, so they're worth protecting.
Who has experienced the joy of swallowing a liberal sample of the road covering from a wet Scottish farm road that's been launched in the air in front of you by your unguarded front wheel ? Great, isn't it ?

Start of National 400km 2000 in Scotland.

Well, there you are, that's the very basics about the Right Stuff to ride an Audax with.
Later I might write about some of the finer details, like the choice of computer, what type of headset bearings are best, the best bottom brackets, luggage, goes on !
And that's not even mentioning Sudocrem , or Bag Balm, or bags of white powder that cyclists have in public toilets in the early hours of the morning, which prompted the local Hawick drunk to mutter "F***in' cyclists, I might huv known !"

Tuesday, 28 February 2012

Fear !

"I'm sorry, Nick, I just can't go on with this! I'm terrified I fall and injure someone ! I'm going to have to pull out !"

I was shaking when I said that. I was so bitterly disappointed in myself. I'd spent over a year preparing for this and I just couldn't bloody well do it !! I was scared, really scared ! If I made a mistake on the straight, or worse, on the banking, I was not only going to fall and hurt myself but I was very likely to cause other people to fall and injure themselves. The least would be big patches of skin torn off my hips and knees but the thought of me causing other riders to suffer horrendous injuries like Jason Queally was really getting to me. He had crashed while riding Meadowbank velodrome and very nearly died because of a huge splinter of wood penetrating his lung. I couldn't get this image out of my head !

Alistair Rickett at Manchester Velodrome.
Over a year before this, Alistair Rickett and I were at a cycle jumble sale in Manchester Velodrome and I'd been persuaded by silver tongued Alistair that it would be a great idea to rent a couple of track bikes and try a Taster Session on the track. It was well supervised, the track was cleared and only a dozen or so novices were actually riding. The coach got us lined up then one by one we pushed off and slowly, with a bit of wobbling, rode round the flat concrete part of the track. It felt really weird riding a fixed transmission again, it was about thirty five years since I'd last ridden fixed. And this time there were no brakes at all, if you wanted to slow down, you reversed your pedalling forces, i.e. you resisted the pedals , you can't freewheel and apply a brake ! Eventually we were all managing to ride round the flat and more or less come to a halt when we wanted to. Now, onto the actual banked wooden track !
"Stay low on the track, keep on the Cote D'Azure, the blue painted band, and when you go into the bend don't lean the bike, just let the banking take you round, but keep pedalling !" Well, we weren't going to be able to stop pedalling were we ?  If we did we'd be in trouble.
" OK you seem to have the hang of that. Now start going further up the track towards the red line,but when you get to the banking you'll have to pedal just a bit harder to keep on your line, On you go !" I soon saw what the coach meant. As you go up the banking it gets steeper and steeper and you've got to get your speed up, think Wall of Death scenario ! OK, it soon felt quite natural to me to be riding at an angle of forty five degrees from the vertical. "Just look where you want to go, not where you don't and you'll be fine !" Sure enough, if you looked down at your front wheel while you're going round the banking a sort of spacial displacement sets in. Unnatural signals being processed by the brain, and the brain doesn't  like it !
I couldn't believe that the hour was up and that I'd actually ridden round one of the fastest velodrome tracks in the world....and not fallen off !

It was the first time for big Steve Mundie too. Alistair had ridden the dreadful Meadowbank open air stadium when he was younger. Unlike me, Alistair is one of those people who are just natural on a bike, a real talent ! Steve was very much into rowing when he was a bit younger, but he too was one of nature's athletes and although he'd taken up cycling a bit later he was wasting no time. He actually went on to ride the Worlds Masters Championship in Manchester a few years later. And did very well !!

"So did you like that ? Fancy doing it again ? "
Yes and yes !

 That was the start.

That was in January; In  March, we got a wee group together, Alistair, Ian McGivern,big Drew and myself and we all travelled together from Glasgow to Manchester in my VW van. Poor Drew, first time on a track, fell off  at the first bend. Didn't look too bad, and he's got the right attitude, so he got up, changed his bike and tried again....and fell off ! We put it down to a bit of contamination on the track, but really I don't know why he fell. His whole hip was badly skinned, his shorts were for the bin, and it was obvious that he was going to be sitting queerly for a week or so. Ouch !
 I was having a ball, I didn't fall off !
Once the nerves calmed down I was really enjoying this !
We made the trip once a month after that and got in with a bunch of people who like us, were just getting a great kick out of riding the track. The coaches were great, they got us doing some fairly informal group riding. Then forming a pace line, where you take a turn at the front and then peel off up the track,let the rest of the line pass below you then drop back into the end of the line. The technique is to ride very close to the rider in front's back wheel and get the benefit of the slipstream so that you can get your heart-rate back down until it's your turn at the front again. Then you've got to ride almost flat out to keep driving the line along, slow the line down and you get riders all over the track as the line brakes remember !
This is when you realise how much trust you have to put in other riders. Track discipline is rigid and you can understand why, when you're riding in a line at 45 kph  a quarter of a metre away from somebody's rear tyre.
Craig MacLean in civvies at Manchester Velodrome
What really got to me was, when we all looked as if we knew what we were doing on the track, great riders like Craig MacLean, Chris Hoy,Chris Boardman and Vicky Pendleton would share the track with us while they were warming up for their training sessions. These people, even then, were major cycling stars, Chris Boardman was an Olympic champion, yet they rode with you, joined in the banter and showed no signs whatsoever of being superstars. It's not many people who can say they've been coached by  Olympic and  World champions is there ? But that's cycling, apart from the very fringes, it's the most sociable sport there is !

We were sharing a shower with  Craig MacLean ( now there's definitely not a lot of people can say that ! ) when he suggested that we should go for Track Accreditation which meant that if we passed the test we could turn up at Manchester Velodrome ,pay the session fee and then join in any training group we wanted to. Track Accreditation meant that you were deemed to be safe and competent on the track and unlikely to be a danger to others
This was really raising the bar for me, could I do it ? Did I want to do it ?
Well, I had endurance fitness, so I reckoned a bit of speed training wouldn't go amiss and it would give me something to focus my training on.

That November Alistair, Steve and I signed up for a Track Accreditation Test next May.

January 2001 started with a Forth Flattie Audax 100km event. It was very cold, below 0C all day but I put in a good time and was pretty content. Plenty of Hamster Wheel ( Turbo Trainer ! ) and generally riding to and from the Garage. We kept up our monthly sessions in Manchester and the coaches started to focus our training on the Accreditation Test.
February was a poor month, snow and ice ruled out any road work.

Steve, John Bell and Alistair on a Black Sheep Run
By March the weather started picking up and at the end Alistair, Steve and I did John Bell's Black Sheep Run from Harrogate. It consisted of cycling to a brewery, having some beer and cycling back. Wow! really serious training then ? Actually, on more than one level it was/is. John Bell is probably one of the most gifted cyclists I've ever met. You would never know it unless you paid close attention to just exactly how he rode. He could always keep up a good brisk pace, and this was in Yorkshire ! and somehow managed to keep the bunch together and all the time keeping the crack going. Somebody once said one of the hardest things about John Bell's runs was being able to cycle while doubled up with laughter ! Especially if Alistair Rickett was in the bunch !! When he was younger, John Bell won the Three Peaks Cyclo-Cross Race, surely the hardest cycle race ever. Just Google it, you'll see what I mean ! Of course he would never tell anyone, it was only when we were in Ron Kitchen's library in the Otley Cycling Club and I was looking at an article about the Three Peaks Race with a list of previous winners that one of the older guys pointed at his name and said "That's him, you know !" pointing at John. " Oh aye, that were long time ago !" he said with a shrug.
Jings, if I'd won that I'd have had it tattooed onto my forehead ! and I'd still be waving flags and drinking out of the cup. The whole world would have know if it had been me !! But that's John. A great guy !
Just riding with these people helps you get what the handlebar code is all about.
April and Easter found us on Arran for a good fast run round the island, and the next day some seriously hard climbing over the String Road followed by the 1 in 4 slopes of the Ross Road. Felt like kill or cure treatment.

Nick O' Balloch Road with no rain !
 Next weekend was a run over the Nick o' Balloch road in poor weather, rain and a freezing cold wind on the descent. The pub at the foot of the descent had a blazing open fire going. Despite being well wrapped up I was so cold going into the pub I couldn't speak, I had to point to things on the menu. A nice couple ran the place then, they gave us dry towels to use and took our cycling clothes to put them through their tumble dryer. It was a sair wrench leaving that pub, I'll tell you !
End of April saw me doing a fast 100km tour of Glendaruel despite the cold and rain. Hard, but I was pleased that I was managing to keep up a higher average speed than I was used to.
May 13th, perfect weather, I managed to deliver John and Irene Dunn's lovely old Mercedes SL to them first thing en route with the usual suspects to Glen Lyon for a final leg strength test before the Accreditation.The ride through Glen Lyon and along the south side of Loch Tay can be challenging....this certainly was! We deliberately pushed the pace up past our usual pace and we were all pretty well strung out at the end.
But I was quite happy with my form, surely I would cope with the test next week ?

Friday May 18th. Left Glasgow with Alistair and Keith, a new recruit. Picked up Nick Tithecott in Maulds Meaburn and Booked into the Campanile hotel in Manchester. Once Steve arrived off to a decent Italian Restaurant for what felt like a last supper. I still don't know where this came from, but we all admitted later that we were nervous. Why ?

I told you it was steep !
Saturday, 19th May. Arrived at the Velodrome in plenty of time to sort out our hire bikes.
10am. Our two coaches introduced themselves and in one of the small lecture rooms went over what we were about to do. They emphasised the need to observe at all times strict track discipline. Then Pete described the routines we were going to follow for the next couple of hours.
11am. Onto the track in two groups of twelve. Nick then showed us the Webley .38 revolver. "I'll use it firstly as a starting pistol, but the next five chambers are filled with live rounds and if I see anyone riding dangerously I'll shoot them dead !"
OK, the humour was maybe a bit heavy handed. And I can assure you that now you could feel the tension in the air. but now we were about to go through some manoeuvres that had most of us squirming in our seats in the lecture room. First we did about twenty laps to warm up, then we formed a line and took turns at the front, peeling off at the start of a turn and running up the banking to drop back into the end of the line, like we'd all done before.
 But now we had to steadily increase the pace until we were all riding just about flat out ! Every time Pete blew his whistle we had to dig harder and harder. Just when most of us couldn't go any faster we got the signal to slow down and move off the track to recover.
All too soon we were back on the track cruising in a line when Nick gave the instruction to follow him closely. He then led us right up to the barriers at the top of the track and we did a few laps like this then right in the middle of a bend he swooped down to the bottom blue line, turned and rode back up to the barriers and continued the lap.
This was heart in the mouth stuff !
Especially when someone crashed at the bottom and brought another couple of riders down. The first guy suffered a broken collar bone, the other two got nasty track burn and torn tights. Another reason for not wearing £120.00 worth of Castelli bib tights on the track ! One of the riders eventually came back on and success fully completed the test. Mr Castelli threw in the towel...a nice expensive Castelli one !
By now my nerves were at snapping point and I don't know how I got through the next exercise as I had the handlebars in a death grip. So much for riding alert but relaxed !
What we did next was to ride two abreast and peel off on the corners, one up the track, one down the track then rejoin the line. Very difficult for the rider peeling off down the track because you have to ride hard to get back into position at the end of the line and because the line was now only six riders long there was not much time left to recover before you were back at the front, having to put in a big effort to keep the pace line speed up.
Then the dreaded swoops down and back up the banking. I managed to do it, but through a red haze, all the time thinking "it's going to be me next ! it's going to be me next !"
The relief, when the whistle blew to slow down and get off the track, was indescribable ! I wasn't wearing a heart rate monitor but if I had been I'm sure the upper safety limit bleeper would have been going nuts .

1pm till 2pm Lunch. I've no recollection of eating anything at all, but I must have. I do remember drinking litres and litres of water.

2pm till 3pm another safety and riding technique lecture which I listened to in a state of panic.Then back on the track for a go faster session.

In the tunnel going back to the track I just snapped . I could take no more .
"I'm sorry, Nick, I just can't go on with this! I'm terrified I fall and injure someone ! I'm going to have to pull out !"

"You're kidding ?" he said, taking my elbow and leading me over to Pete the other coach.
 " Pete, Ronnie's having a bit of a confidence crisis, he thinks he's a danger on the track. I certainly don't. You've been riding with him, what do you think ?"
Pete looked at me for a minute then said " Sit down here and take another drink of water. I noticed when you came off at lunch time you were a bit dehydrated. And I agree with Nick, I don't think you ride dangerously. You're what, fifty two years old ? You're not going to have the top end speed that the younger guys have, but you've got stamina. When that guy came off the track and brought the others down you were fourth man behind him.You were still capable of reacting properly and riding out of danger. I've spoke to the three lads that crashed and in my opinion they were exhausted and didn't recognise the signs. I've been monitoring you like all the others and so has Nick and as far as I'm concerned unless you do something really stupid in the next couple of hours, you've passed. "
" Go on, saddle up and get back on the track !"

I still don't know the exact reason why, in the space of a couple of minutes, I went from panic stricken to a state of being calmly confident. But I did, and went on to actually enjoy the rest of the test.

And I passed !!

And I also learned a lot about fear.

Saturday, 18 February 2012

A Grand Day Out on the Bike !

The Apprentice and the Bent Boat

"Jings! that last one was a bit grim, was it not ? Did you never just go out on your bike to enjoy yourself ?"

Of course I did, most of the time actually. So what you're saying is, can we not get something a bit more uplifting to cheer us up in this dreich ( a fine old Scots word meaning cold, wet, windy and grey, all at once ! ) winter time ? Will I tell you about the ride that the Apprentice and myself did a few years ago ? Sunshine, French scenery at it's best, tailwinds only, good food and not a clock to be seen, how about that ?

Wild flowers in August.
Ok, one fine summer morning in France,  the Apprentice wheeled the bikes out and checked them over. A couple of drinks and some emergency rations were loaded into my bag along with the regular Handlebar Code Kit, Tubes&Tools ! "Where are we going ?"  There was a very gentle breeze floating in from the north east, so we headed into that taking us out of town towards the village of Frossay. I was riding a fine Dutch roadster, a Gazelle Impala. The words "Gazelle" and "Impala" kind of lead you into thinking about speed, agility and lightness. Hah ! They say only the English do irony ? The Dutch do too !  This is a great bike but jings, it weighs a ton ! A Gazelle Elephant  would be a more appropriate name !  However it's got qualities I love. Rims and handlebars are stainless steel, it's got a fully enclosed chain, full mudguards, a front hub dynamo with built in lights, a sturdy steel rear rack with straps, Shimano seven speed hub gears and Shimano roller hub brakes. In a word, Bullet-proof ! It's the kind of bike that you can just step on no matter what you're wearing, what the weather's doing or what time of day or night it is. Short runs to the shops or all day contemplatif rides and anything in between. I used it a lot in Glasgow where the peace of mind came from the built in rear wheel lock and combined anchor like chain, meaning that I didn't have to keep it in line of sight at all times. And of course in Glasgow it was truly unfashionable, so the local low-life thought that it was not an easy Buckfast voucher. ( Buckfast tonic wine is made by a religious order in the south of England. It's cheap and fortified with extra alcohol and the thieving classes in the west of Scotland just live for it... and probably die because of it. So much so, that the rumour is, a pipeline is going to be installed between Devon and Airdrie to cope with the demand. ). For the day, the Apprentice had chosen his wee Decathlon MTB, sturdy, not overburdened with gimmicks like a lot of kids' MTB's and not expensive. The only real criticism I had was the length of the cranks, come on ! 175mm cranks on a kid's bike ?  That's OK on a BMX that's going to be thrashed about, but not for long steady runs. It's a recipe for damaged young knees and disillusionment with cycling. However, St John Street Cycles came up with a decent set of shorter cranks and they were mailed out to me in a few days and half an hour's work had the boy on a bike that he would enjoy riding for as long as it fitted him.

Alexis Maneyrol Monument
The sun on our backs, birdsong in our ears as we rolled through the air perfumed with the scent of wild flowers. Bliss on a bike !

René Leduc and R-16

"What's that monument thing ? Was he some sort of hero ?" This was the monument in the village of Frossay to  Alexis Maneyrol. He was one of the first, but certainly not the last of a long line of pioneering aviators from Pays de Retz. The tradition continues today with the huge Airbus factories in St Nazaire and Nantes. When you look into it, it's amazing what aeronautical development was done in this quiet rural area. René Leduc ( not the René Leduc who developed the ram-jet engine ! ) was a disciple of Alexis Maneyrol , broke speed and altitude records with his revolutionary design of light aircraft and was born in our town of St Pere en Retz. He was also involved, near the end of his life, with the development of ULM's ( Ultra Light aircraft )  and a local flying club specialising in these fascinating machines is very popular. Hardly a week goes past here without you seeing something unusual in the sky, an Airbus Beluga so big it looks like it's breaking the laws of physics or a Flying Flea that looks like breaking the laws of common sense ! And there's so much wartime stuff too. Only last year the Mairie organised a memorial for the crew of a WW2 Lancaster, the remains of which had just been unearthed by a farmer clearing some woodland. During WW1 there was a huge American/French Airship base at Paimboeuf . They were used primarily against WW1 German U boats. This site is well worth a look, it's in French but the photos are great and Google will translate it for you if you want. Recommended !

Cordemais Power Station on north bank of the Loire
Well, that was the climbing done, such as it was, now for a lovely freewheel almost all the way to le Migron on the south bank of the canal de la Martiniere. We turned left here and ambled on for a few kilometres to the start of the canal. And what a canal ! It's not used as it was intended nowadays, but it still makes British canals look like flooded ditches ! It obviously cost an absolute fortune to build ( reading the heroic French newspaper articles of the time comparing it to ancient Egyptian pyramid building makes you wonder though ) and took about ten years to construct. The reason for building it was because bigger and bigger ships were wanting to get along the Loire to berth at Nantes,but the Loire at this point was shallow and very slow to navigate. A canal seemed like the ideal answer. However , such were the technological advances in modern powered dredging , that a permanent channel was soon created in the Loire, and the canal was obsolete within a few years of it's opening. Now it's well used for leisure purposes and is incorporated in a wild life preservation area. So we crossed a bridge and cycled on rough tracks as far as we could go, right up to the south bank of the Loire with a great view of the Cordemais power station, It burns coal and oil, and maybe gas but I'm not exactly sure on that. I looks a bit nucleary but I think it's just that French Techno Industrial architecture. It is quite a sight, if you like that sort of thing ! I like the contrast between the nature reserve , the river and this twentieth century monster. Here's a link to a wee You Tube video of the Canal de la Martiniere, It's worth a watch.

A nice Bob Jackson Curly Legend at West Locks
" This canal's not very long, why don't we follow it to the other end where it rejoins the river ?" Which is exactly what we did. The route along the canal going east was well surfaced and wide enough to accommodate cars if necessary although I think we only saw half a dozen the whole trip. By now it was really warming up, so we stopped at a point opposite a man made storks's nest and watched them for a while as we topped up our hydration levels. Rolling along, side by side, we passed the ULM flying club and stopped to watch a couple of micro lights taking off and landing, Looked like great fun ! Near here we could see the shell of a tall square tower, this was the remains of an Abbey which had been badly knocked about during the revolution but is still a pretty impressive piece of architecture.

Abbey at Buzay
The next stretch had us cycling in the shade of some trees bordering the canal, very "Wind in the Willows" stuff, until we came across a flotilla of dinghies going through their manoeuvres. They were from a sailing school with it's club house on the opposite bank. John Grieve singing  " The Crinan Canal for Me " came to mind. Certainly looked fine and safe for kids. I'll bet they never get the experiences my pal John and I had when we went to a sailing school in Tighnabruaich on the west coast of Scotland. That was memorable !  We slowed right down to keep abreast of them while they tried to  tack  along the canal and we joined in with their laughter as they merrily ran aground or rammed one another. This was fun sailing ! Then we came across the queerest looking things ! A couple of semi- submerged canal barges, big ones though, much bigger than any British narrow boats. But they were made of reinforced concrete !! We'd never seen anything like them.
Concrete Barges !
On enquiry, it turned out that during WW1 there was a shortage of steel which was what these type of barges were usually made of, so someone engaged in a bit of lateral thinking and came up with the idea of reinforced concrete. This turned out to be a great success as construction was fast and cheap. but when the canal fell into disuse they were no longer required and these are left as monuments to French ingenuity.  

Erwin Wurms strikes again !

By this time we were at the locks which let boats back into the Loire and the end of the canal. But the boat here really took the biscuit ! Check the photo, it's almost impossible to describe ! It's a sort of sculpture by Erwin Wurms who also does models of American cars made from cushions. But it made us smile !

Le Cafe 
We'd crossed to the other bank and were making our way back to Le Migron when we came upon a perfect stopping place, a canal-side cafe. A couple of Oranginas for the Apprentice and a nice cool Kronenbourg for me as we waited for our galettes. French fast food at it's best !  Sure enough, sitting under a parasol, digesting a fine wee lunch and watching people having fun on the water,the world really was our lobster that day . Back in the saddle after settling up in the cafe and off we went. No kidding though, we would have spent more in a McDonalds, and not enjoyed it nearly as much. On our road back we talked about how the spirit of Jules Verne seemed to pervade the Pays de Retz. Of how we'd spent the day enjoying things on land, in the air and on water that French ingenuity had brought about. Has Neal Stephenson become the twentieth century Jules Verne ? You can't beat a good blether on the bike!! (Blethering is Scots for indulging in spirited, animated and invigorating conversation )
The light breeze that we'd cycled into now seemed to have picked up a little, but it was on our backs,
 O Joy!
 So then we got that sensation of just not being aware of the pedals at all. We seemed to just float back along the other bank. Even when we approached Frossay and had to climb up to where we first noticed the Alexis Maneyrol monument the breeze was worth another gear. Back through the vineyards and through the fields of wild flowers a fine long freewheel, last wee drag up to the level crossing and we're on the road for home. Both feeling just fine ! Have you ever noticed how easy it is to describe unpleasant, painful sensations but how you can be at a loss for words to describe truly joyful experiences ?

The Apprentice with Decathlon MTB

Distance ridden, just over 50km. Time taken, who cares ? It was probably the first time the Apprentice had ever had such a good day on the bike. One of those days when you come home tired but not exhausted, you feel as if your whole system is in tune with ...something ?
You could get spiritual at these times.... but people would talk, so you just say " Aye, another braw day on the bike, wife, is that my tea ?"

Sunday, 12 February 2012

An Audax

What's an Audax ?

OK, an Audax run is a cycle ride, mostly, starting and finishing at the same place and following a prescribed route with check points along the way to confirm completion of the route and to act as a speed regulator.
An Audax ride is essentially non-competitive in that there is no prize for finishing first. By it's very nature there is an upper speed limit, exceed it if you can but you will still get the same time awarded as someone who finishes after you but at the exact minimum time allowed.  But it's the maximum time allowed that is usually of greatest concern. For a normal 100km Audax the maximum time allowed is 6 hours 36 minutes giving you a minimum average speed of 15 kph or about 9 mph.
Right, once you've stopped laughing, let's just go through this. You get your card stamped at 10am and off you go, you don't know this area and you have to follow a route sheet, some of which are just so vague that you've spent time making up your own, so you find your check point without too many wrong turns, get your card stamped and off you go again."This is a doddle !" you think until you turn the next corner and the road rises in front of you and you realise that you're going over those bloody hills that have been on your horizon for the last hour ! Well, eventually you settle down into a sustainable cadence realising that the pretty respectable average speed you've built up is disappearing rapidly. Then that saddle starts to niggle, your thighs begin to ache, your feet start burning and you're tasting blood at the back of your throat.You think you can see the top but it's bloody miles away ! You don't have any lower gears left and you're going so slow you probably couldn't maintain your balance if you went any slower. The air you're sucking in is freezing but your eyes are being burned out of their sockets by the sweat that's pouring into them. Your chest is aching and you can't even feel your heart beating any more. Then the red mist starts in front of your eyes and your hearing starts to go. " Oh **** this ! I'm walking !! " But you find you've lost so much sensation in your feet you can't unclip your feet from the pedals, you're going to fall over !! It's freezing, it's a really lonely quiet road, you'll almost certainly break a collar bone, fall into shock, develop hypothermia and  die !!
 There's nothing else for it, dig deeper than humanly possible, ignore all pain, close your eyes, you can't see anyway, and force your legs to make another ten pedal pushes !! It's not even a relief when you crest the hill, there's no downhill to let you freewheel and recover, you still have to pedal and now you're trembling uncontrollably. " If there were gods, they wouldn't let me suffer like this ! " What seems like hours later, you've recovered enough to take a hand from the handlebars to wipe the sweat from your eyes and even drag out your bidon . Water never tasted so good ! You're freewheeling ! "I'm going to live !" So you can see now, and it does look like the road is actually going down. OK, you've lost a lot of time but you're going downhill, you'll soon pick up plenty of speed. Until you come round the shoulder of the hill that was protecting you from a vicious north easterly headwind that you're going to have to plough into all the way back to the final check point. Soon the blinding sweat has dried off, but you're shaking again this time with cold. And the wind is so blustery up here you're down to walking speed just so that you don't get blown off the road. The road seems to be levelling out now and there's only 30 km  to go. Now the road turns into a switchback. Short 1:5 drops followed immediately by equally short 1:5 climbs. Just the sort of road Belgian Pro's excel on ! But you're not a Belgian Pro, and it's a case of rolling down but never building up enough speed to carry you up the other side, so it's a first gear grovel for the last few meters, which get longer and longer as the road continues to flail up and down. Right, here's the last checkpoint before the finish. What !!

You've only got an hour left !! Well, surely you can do 15 km in an hour ?  Let's Go !  Fair enough, the road is more or less level now, so why are you grovelling so badly ? Why do you feel as if you're about to pass out ? Eejit !! you forgot to eat ! Do you risk slowing down to cram a sandwich down your throat or do you press on ? No, it's got to be a sandwich, you're now beginning to become a hazard on the road. Have you ever had to force food down, it's not nice is it ? Jings, its looking like touch and go here, you might not make the time. Whether this acts as a spur or whether the food kicks in you don't care, you're now riding pretty quickly. There's the hall, dump the bike, and with your heart in your mouth present your card.
"Did I make it ?"
" Och aye, there's still another half hour to go, this is a Grimpeur Ride so there's always extra time for the hills !"
So you look around the hall taking in the riders who've finished, some are heading home and look as if they've just had a ride round the block, others look like walking wounded from World War One. And  you're not last !! Why does that feel like a victory ? Some older cyclists roll in with minutes to go and eventually you ask them if they were worried about the time.
" Not at all, son, that's a grand run, we didnae want to spile it by rushing it !"

Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Our Neighbours, The Stones.

Menhirs actually, you surely didn't think I meant Messrs. Jagger, Richards, Watts and Wyman did you ? Mind you, that sounds like a firm of London solicitors doesn't it ? If they'd stuck in at their studies they would all be senior partners now or even Queen's Councillors or Judges, instead of strolling players. Maybe that wee brush with the Law in the Sixties kind of scunnered them for the Legal Trade ? (Scunner, Scottish verb meaning to cause abject disgust. It sounds right too. )

Back to Menhirs, which are large stones, mostly undressed and mostly undecorated, which have been deliberately set in a vertical position in pre-historical times. Why ? Don't ask me ! There are lots of reasons given but the consensus of current opinion is that they were used to mark seasons of the year. This was important to civilisations who were beginning to plant crops rather than existing as hunter gatherers. I have always been drawn to these sort of things, I don't know why, but they've always fascinated me. What kind of thinking was going on while these things were being erected ? When you consider that some of them were transported hundreds of kilometres before being put into place you realise that these were prodigious feats of engineering. I'd better not mention Stonehenge in Wiltshire as Madame  still goes grumpy at the very mention of it ! We were taking a short holiday on the south coast of England and were driving past the site of  Stonehenge. It was a bloody miserable day ! Early March, wet, cold and windy. So as we approached the site by car we could see absolutely nothing. We drove into the car park, which was free then, but had to pay an admission fee to actually enter the site. Well, it was admittedly pretty underwhelming !  " Whit ! we've just paid a good two pounds sterling to see this ! It's not even finished ! I've seen more interesting building sites in Glasgow, I'm away back to the car !"

OK, what's this got to do with bicycles ? Right, patience, I'm getting to it !
Like most people when the cycling addiction takes hold, I was pretty quick in scouting out a series of runs that I could use for various training regimes or just for pleasure. I lived in the south side of Glasgow and what I was looking for was a route that would get me out of city traffic as quickly as possible and into The Renfrewshire Lanes. Since the Sixties, Glasgow has been ripped apart and stretches of Motorway thrown over the city in a seemingly random fashion. Which meant that I was lucky, because the old A8 road from Glasgow to Greenock was at that time relatively quiet, as most traffic now used the new stretch of Motorway. From our house to Renfrew was about 10km and after that the cycling was then, late Eighties, fairly quiet. So from here I built up a series of runs based on a roughly circular route from Renfrew going through Inchinnan, Bishopton,passing The Monkey House, through Kilmacolm, Bridge of Weir, Houston , back through Inchinnan past the Old India Tyre Factory back through Renfrew, along the old A8 , turn at Glasgow Rangers Football Club's ground at Ibrox and then home. A total distance of about 50km. A good route, because mostly I would be going out into the prevailing westerly wind and have it on my back during the return. Wind direction is an important consideration when you're working out a training route, that is, one you're going to be using a lot during the year. This basic route could be easily increased in 25km stages by adding in, for example, an extra loop taking in climbs up the River Gryffe as far as the reservoirs above Port Glasgow, or even really stretching it out by turning at the reservoirs and taking a lovely wee back road into Largs and home via a good leg stretching climb up the Haylie Brae. I've got a lot of memories of these runs,mostly fond ones !

Now to France! For a number of years we'd been spending a lot of time in our holiday home in Pays de Retz in western France. Real France, south of the Loire!  Here, we're only 10 km from the sea, so working out a 50km regular run which doesn't involve a long slog home into the prevailing westerly wind looked a bit tricky. In our small town, population 5,000, we have two thriving cycle clubs. Rust'in Retz is a Mountain bike club which organises a really impressive night time run every Easter with a big turn out, well into the hundreds ! Check out their web site ! The other club is for Road Racing and is a branch of the Union Cycliste Nantes Atlantique. Now, for a small town these clubs are impressive for someone from UK where for years, cycling like this was in serious decline. They share a purpose built club house/garage/workshop in the centre of town and the Sunday turn outs are what we used to see in the Fifties in UK. The emphasis in France is a bit different from the UK, If you join a Racing club, that's what you'll do..Race !! If you want to do touring you join a different club, if you want to do Mountain Biking you join yet another club. Rust'in Retz puzzled me at first because it's as flat as a pancake for miles around here, but more on that another day !!
I was invited along to a Sunday run by a couple of members of the UCNA and they showed me a super 50km run  which takes you from the town south to the sea then north to the banks of the Loire then home. This has become my regular training run. This was actually my first experience of riding with a real Racing club. Although I had done plenty of pretty brisk Audax Rides the emphasis there is on long distance, and a lot of my other cycling in the UK was with the CTC which is biased towards touring. And of course, the Veteran Cycle Club which is biased towards Tea Rooms ! Back in the Club house,while sharing a bottle of wine, I was asked what I thought of the part of France that we'd just covered. It seemed to cause a fair bit of amusement when I told them that all I'd seen for the last hour and a half , was a Frenchman's derriere ! However, it is a lovely route, and I just don't get tired of it .
But even a nice run like this needs some wee extra loops, just for a change.This was when I found out that the area is littered with ancient standing stones, many of them being well signposted. So using the basic 50km circular run I started adding on loops to take me to see the Menhirs. This is great !! I can take a slow steady potter out to stop and look at a few Menhirs or I can take a much longer run and just pass the site sand use them a way points. Without going more than 10km as the crow flies from our house,I can have a ride in excess of 150km by taking in a good few, not all !, of the local Stones.
Of course, this has led to another subject for study. Thanks to our local library and the internet I've found out loads of fascinating stuff about many of the local Menhirs

"So there you are" says Madame, " Well done, there's another thing you can bore people to death with !"
You just can't win sometimes can you ?

Friday, 20 January 2012

Me and Moultons

" Oh, I think I remember them !" or " Do they still make them ?"  These are the commonest replies I get when I tell people that it's a Moulton I'm riding.
Moultons drifted into my life in the early sixties when I saw an illustrated account of some  place to place  record being broken on some queer looking small-wheeled bike with dropped 'bars. Probably John Woodburn  breaking the Cardiff to London record in 1962. This article was stuck in the front window of Riddell Brothers cycle shop in south-side Glasgow. Riddell Brothers was a bit of an institution in the south-side then.Yes, they were brothers, but they could have been identical twins dressed in dressed in matching brown workshop coats. At first I thought I could tell them apart because they operated a sort of "Good bike mechanic, Bad bike mechanic " policy, but later I reckoned that they just switched roles as they felt like. One side of the shop was cycles, the other side was model boats, planes and all the stuff required for that. It was a wee boy's , and big boy's, paradise. As kids, we rarely ventured in, we were quite happy to gaze in the windows at things like Campagnolo crank sets that cost the equivalent of a whole week's wage ! And brand new Flying Scot frames hanging from the ceiling along with an occasional curly Hetchins ! Stuff of Dreams !
Eventually one of our rich-kid pal's parents bought him a Moulton. Much to our disgust, this wasn't a record breaker in any shape or form, it was a rather wimpy shopping bike. But I was pretty taken with the Sturmey Archer  3-speed hub gear with twistgrip control.Most Sturmey Archer gears that we had then were either stuck in top gear or slipped so badly when changing that they were left alone and the bike ridden as a single-speed. So this , I thought was quite good, and the suspension, front and rear ! To be honest, we just weren't sophisticated enough to appreciate suspension, It was good to brag about but that was about it.
My Series One F frame Moulton
Fast-Forward to 1988 and I'm in Davy Walsh's shop, Clarkston Cycle Centre, when he wheels in a Moulton AM-ATB. To me, as a mountain bike, it was a non-starter, but I could see the potential for a long distance, quite fast tourer in it. When I heard the price however, my short reply had a lot of "f"s in it !! But I did start looking into Moultons again and learned about the AM series that was in production and how much owners were raving about them. Mind you , was it because they had spent so much money on an AM that they didn't like to admit to having been hooked by the hype, and that Moultons were in fact pretty flawed ? It was only then that I became aware that the Speed Six and the very rare S Speed had been produced and might now be available on the second hand market. By pure chance,a good friend of mine was given ( yes, given ! )  a Speed Six by an older club member who had bought it over twenty years ago but had consigned it to the back of the garage a number of years ago when suitable tyres became unavailable. Well, Alastair never was easily put off, and eventually he had the bike back on the road and looking great. In the meantime I had bought a Series One Moulton Standard in a pretty run down condition. The Frame was powder coated red, new 16inch wheels were built up with alloy rims and a Sturmey Archer S5/2 five speed  hub fitted, and it looked OK.  Alistair fairly quickly found that his riding style and the characteristics of the Speed Six just didn't match, but he kept it for a while because it looked  Cool ! With me however, it was soon apparent that the Moulton Standard, even with five gears was not going to be my dream long distance light tourer. What it did become though was my favourite commuting bike.With the built-in rear rack and bag, good brakes and handling it was a delight to ride and I used it for many years. Not without Problems !! Tyre wear and the availability of good quality tyres were a nuisance.The collapse of the rear fork while riding was somewhat more than a nuisance !! This put me in touch with the Moulton Owners Club and through this I met Steve and Allison Mundie from Harrogate. Lovely people ! Through them I was introduced to Yorkshire cycling, but that is  definitely a lot of other stories !!
Alex Moulton's Home in Bradford on Avon
The Great Man Himself !
I got a repaired rear fork from the Moulton Owners Club and was eventually back on the road. Around this time Alistair and I decided to go to the annual Moulton Rally at Alex Moulton's home in Bradford on Avon. This trip was a bit of an eye-opener, great fun though and we wouldn't have missed it for anything !English eccentricity at it's best. If you can imagine 1960's King's Road Londoners, renegade hippies,Victorian industrial millionaires,hard-core club cyclists and Japanese tourists on the archery lawn of a Jacobean Mansion putting on a show scripted by Monty Python you'll get the drift. While we were there, the new Moulton APB was launched. APB...All Purpose Bike ! This was very much along the lines of the AM but considerably cheaper, more of a production line version built by Pashley rather than a hand built bike. Looked none the worse for that I thought, so for a baur (Scotticism alert here !...  there is no single English word to describe "a baur" the nearest is" a merry jape but with more high jinks" !) we decided to borrow a couple of the demonstrator bikes and cycled off to the City of Bath for the afternoon along the newly opened Sustrans Cycle path. What a great afternoon that was !The Avon and Kennet Canal was absolutely at it's best in the early English autumn, fond memories indeed ! So much so that on our eventual return to Moulton Hall , I ordered one for delivery as soon as possible, and nothing to do with the fact that the organisers were on the phone to the police reporting the theft of two new Moulton bikes.
APB in Audax Guise
Tribute to Tom Simpson at Alex Moulton's House
In due course my new Moulton APB14 arrived. Black( they were all black for the first few years) straight bars, 14speed Shimano transmission via thumbshifters, 20inch wheels and tyres( BMX size, so surely no supply problems ) front and rear AM style suspension and a separable frame i.e. not a folding bike as such but easy enough to separate for packing into a car boot. Once I'd sourced and fitted mudguards to it I used it for a couple of 100km Audax rides and was pretty pleased with it. The decision then was whether to fit 'bar ends or go the whole hog and fit dropped 'bars. As it turned out, fitting dropped 'bars was a pointless exercise because the more I used the bike the more I became aware that there was a sort of built-in speed limiter. Not on descents of course, it dropped like a stone when the road went down and because of this I could keep up a reasonable pace. No, it was cruising on the flat that was the problem. To keep up a brisk cruising speed on the flat, about 30kph, I found that I was having to push a much higher gear than I liked at a much lower cadence than the cadence I was used to. Possibly because of my build ( OK some people would say fat ! I prefer the more accurate term Muscular ! ) and the fact that my cycling style has always tended to spinning the pedals at a cadence of around 85 to 95rpm, I found that at this pedalling speed the suspension started a sort of sympathetic vibration which felt as if I was riding a pogo stick. Plus the fact that the only times I deliberately used a low cadence was when I was out of the saddle powering up short steep rises. Long climbs I prefer to do in the saddle and spin a low gear and only get out of the saddle occasionally to rearrange things in the sitting room. Try riding uphill out of the saddle on a Moulton ! It can be done but it just doesn't feel right ! Well I tried just about everything I could to try and eliminate this resonant vibration in the suspension, I altered the front friction dampers, changed the front spring rate, tried umpteen types of tyres and pressures and even lost a few kilos from myself ! In the end I had to settle for the fact that the APB was a very good short distance cruiser but was too much hard work to use for longer runs. Was I disappointed ? No, not really, I had learned a lot about cycling in general and I still had a bike that I was delighted to use for the odd 100km run just for a change.
APB rear fork after repair
Original Gear Thumbshifters
Now here's a thing, I've only had a bike frame collapse on me three times in my life, but every time it was when I was riding a Moulton!!  The first time, as I described earlier, was when the rear fork on the Series One Moulton fell apart. The second time, again on the same Series One Moulton, the main frame itself collapsed due to internal corrosion.That was very nearly a nasty one, sheer luck saved me that day ! The third, and last time I hope, was when the APB's rear fork decided to crack and go all wobbly on me. OK the Series One was nearly forty years old by this time and it was well known that the rear forks were suspect, so I wasn't too bitter about that. Although the poor old Moulton was ceremonially dismantled and the frame binned, I sold the components at a cycle jumble for a mutually agreeable price so no real harm done. However I was fairly scunnered ( another fine Scotticism, meaning vexed or peeved in the extreme ! ) when the APB rear fork broke up. It was sentenced to 5 years in the back of the cellar with no remission. But, when it's time was up I stripped out the rear fork and brazed in a neat wee reinforcing section and built it back up to bring over to France when we moved.
Latest Gear and Brake Levers
Recently I have changed the rear derailleur, fitted combined brake and gear changer levers and fitted parallel push Shimano V brakes.  And so far, apart from a rear Continental tyre exploding on me, it's not put a wheel wrong and it's still a pleasure to ride. Maybe in the future I'll change the rear drop-outs from vertical to angled so that I can adjust the chain tension and fit a nice neat hub gear ? I've lost track of the actual distance I've ridden it , but it must be in excess of 30,000km so I can't really complain can I ?

Mind you, my Raleigh Model F is well over 90 years old and the frame on that hasn't collapsed ?

Am I still a member of the Moulton Owners Club ? 'Fraid not ! Our dear wives got us drummed out ! A couple of years after the first Moulton Week-end  Alistair and I thought it would be a nice wee treat to take our wives as guests.We were staying in a really nice B&B in Bradford on Avon not knowing that it was owned and run by the wife of Alex Moulton's company secretary.Alex Moulton's family were Avon Rubber as in Avon Tyres,Avon Rubber Dingies etc and Alex was the man responsible for the rubber suspension on the original Mini car and of course the rubber suspension on the Moulton bicycle. So you could say that he's really into suspenders and rubber, couldn't you ? Well, during the course of our breakfast, the two besoms (don't worry, this is the last Scotticism of the day !  the term "besom" is probably related to the English word scrubber but used almost as a term of endearment...usually! ) coaxed this information out of Alistair and next thing were laughing like drains and making the most disparaging and inappropriate  remarks about the good Dr Moulton. Before you knew it the whole breakfast room was in stitches of laughter except for the woman who was serving us our breakfast and fairly banging down the coffee pot onto the table. It all became clear that evening at the annual Moulton Dinner when who did we see sitting at the top table beside Alex Moulton but the Coffee Pot Banger herself. She was fairly glaring at us and seemed to be having plenty to say to Alex.
Ready for a Few More Kilometres
So maybe not unsurprisingly our invitations to renew our memberships were not forthcoming that year ...?